Residential Schools - Supplementary resources

  1. General
  2. Historical
  3.  Law Societies & Professional Associations 
  4.  Healing Resources & Referrals Network 
  5.  Government Resources 


 1. General Information 

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada/Commission de vérité et réconciliation du Canada 

Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement 

Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat/Secrétariat d'adjudication des pensionnats indiens 

Expectations of Legal Practice in IAP/Attentes en matière de pratique juridique dans le PEI? 

  1. Historical

Law Commission of Canada / La Commission du droit du Canada
Report - Restoring Dignity: Responding to Child Abuse in Canadian Institutions / Rapport - La dignité retrouvée: La réparation des sévices infligés aux enfants dans des établissements canadiens 

 Department of Justice Canada - Response to the Restoring Dignity Report (LCC)
Report - Safeguarding the Future and Healing the Past / Garantir l'avenir et guérir du passé 

 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP)
For more information regarding Residential Schools, see the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Volume 1, Chapter 10 Residential Schools.

"At the Time of Disclosure: A Manual for Front-line Community Workers Dealing with Sexual Abuse Disclosures in Aboriginal Communities" (Aboriginal Peoples Collection published by the Solicitor General of Canada, 1998) By Judie Bopp and Michael Bopp
A report that includes a background examination of special issues for Aboriginal communities, discusses immediate needs at the time of disclosure, and offers suggestions for developing programs aimed at regaining restorative balance.

"Mapping the Healing Journey" (Aboriginal Peoples Collection published by the Solicitor General of Canada, 2002) By Phil Lane, Jr., Michael Bopp, Judie Bopp, Julian Norris
A report that offers a comprehensive look (including a literature review) into the Aboriginal conceptualization of healing and its significance to those who have suffered abuse in a Residential School setting.

Assembly of First Nations (AFN)
The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is the national representative organization of the First Nations in Canada. There are over 630 First Nation's communities in Canada. The AFN Secretariat, is designed to present the views of the various First Nations through their leaders in areas such as: Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, Economic Development, Education, Languages and Literacy, Health, Housing, Social Development, Justice, Taxation, Land Claims, Environment, and a whole array of issues that are of common concern which arise from time to time. The website includes information regarding the AFN's Residential School Issues program.

  1. Law Societies & Professional Associations 

Canadian Bar Association / L'Association du Barreau Canadien
Resolution00-04-A / Résolution 00-04-A
Guidelines for Lawyers Acting for Survivors of Aboriginal Residential Schools / Lignes directrices à l'intention des avocat(e)s représentant des survivant(e)s d'écoles résidentielles autochtones

 The Indigenous Bar Association (IBA)
The Indigenous Bar Association is a not-for-profit professional association representing over 500 Indigenous lawyers, judges, legal academics, legal consultants and law students in Canada. The website includes links to legal conferences, submissions, relevant Aboriginal associations and government websites.

Law Society of Yukon
For more information regarding the Law Society of Yukon's Guidelines for Lawyers Acting For Survivors of Aboriginal Residential Schools, adopted at the Law Society of Yukon's AGM, May 10, 2000.

Law Society of Saskatchewan
For more information regarding the Rules of the Law Society of Saskatchewan provisions addressing solicitation of individuals who attended residential schools, contact the Law Society of Saskatchewan. On-line resources include the Indian Residential School Adjudication Secretariat's Guidelines for Lawyers: Expectations of Legal Practice in IAP

  • 4. Healing Resources & Referrals Network 
  • Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres (OFIFC)
    The OFIFC is a provincial Aboriginal organization representing Aboriginal friendship centers, not-for-profit community based corporations, located in towns and cities across the province of Ontario. The OFIFC website offers contact information (address, phone number, maps and directions), as well as a description of the history and programs offered at each friendship center in areas such as health, justice, family support, and employment and training.

    Native Canadian Centre of Toronto (NCCT)
    Site lists NCCT programs that are aimed at supporting Aboriginal Peoples in the Greater Metro Toronto area, including announcement of upcoming healing programs and workshops, cultural events, and links to Metro Toronto Aboriginal resources.

    National Residential Schools Survivor's Society 

    This site is a Residential School Resource Centre that provides links to resources and historical photographs related to Indian Residential Schools across Canada. The site also links to the Shingwauk project, a research partnership between the NRSSS and Algoma University.

    Aboriginal Healing and Wellness Strategy
    The Aboriginal Healing and Wellness Strategy promotes a culturally appropriate approach to healing and wellness. It is unique in Canada, and has become a source of innovative expertise in Aboriginal healing and health services across North America. The website provides resources to those who administer or support Ontario-based programs and services designed to improve Aboriginal health and reduce family violence, and provides web-links to existing Aboriginal service organizations in Ontario.

    Aboriginal Healing Foundation (AHF)
    The Aboriginal Healing Foundation (AHF) is an independent not-for-profit organization committed to building and supporting sustainable healing resources addressing the legacy of physical and sexual abuse in the Residential School system in Canada. The AHF provides funding for healing projects, promoting knowledge about the issues and the need for healing, and gaining public support from Canadians on issues. The website includes a description of current and past projects funded by the foundation, a directory of funding sources for Residential School healing projects, as well as links to various Aboriginal websites.

    National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO)
    The National Aboriginal Health Organization, is an Aboriginal designed and controlled body, influencing and advancing the health and well-being of Aboriginal Peoples through knowledge-based strategies promoting understanding of health issues affecting Aboriginal Peoples, facilitating and promoting research and develop research partnerships, encouraging participation of Aboriginal Peoples in delivery of health care, and affirming and protect Aboriginal traditional healing practices. The website includes Links to resources for First Nations, Métis and Inuit health organizations as well as to websites for Aboriginal organizations and associations.

    Aboriginal Connections - An Indigenous Peoples Web Directory
    A comprehensive web directory presenting categorized information to Canadian Aboriginal, Native American Indian and International Indigenous sites on the World Wide Web.

    The Ontario Society of Psychotherapists
    This website allows members of the public to request a referral.

    The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
    This website contains information for finding a physician in the province of Ontario.

     5. Government Resources

    Aboriginal Canada Portal 
    Meta-site with links to Aboriginal Women, Elders, Urban Aboriginal, First Nations, Métis, and Inuit associations and resources.

    Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AAND)

    Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) supports Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to:

    • improve social well-being and economic prosperity;
    • develop healthier, more sustainable communities; and
    • participate more fully in Canada's political, social and economic development - to the benefit of all Canadians.

    Ontario Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs (MAA)
    The mandate of the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs (MAA) is to

    • promote collaboration and coordination across ministries on Aboriginal policy and programs;
    • set priorities for and track the progress of Ontario's Aboriginal agenda;
    • enhance government's awareness of Aboriginal people, issues and best practices for consulting and engaging with Aboriginal people;
    • work with the federal government to find ways to make the most of federal funding;
    • help Aboriginal people to access Ontario government programs, services and information;
    • reform the land claims process to help address historical grievances; and
    • encourage diversity, especially representation of Aboriginal people, in the Ontario Public Service.