The Law Society of Upper Canada expresses concern about the harassment of human rights lawyer Beatrice Mtetwa in Zimbabwe.
Reliable reports indicate that on March 17, 2013, Ms. Mtetwa was arrested while attempting to assist her clients. The arrest took place on the day following a constitutional referendum in Zimbabwe. The new constitution would curb the powers of the president and limit presidential power to two five-year terms. Both Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his rivals are in favour of the new constitution.
The day after the referendum, police arrested four senior aides of President Mugabe's main political rival, Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai. When Ms. Mtetwa was called to the home of Prime Minister Tsvangirai's chief legal advisor where police were conducting a search, she was also arrested and charged with "obstructing or defeating the course of justice". According to reports, Ms. Mtetwa asked the police officers to produce a search warrant and an inventory list of items that had been removed by the police. Officers accused her of trying to photograph security officers. Ms. Mtetwa was handcuffed and forced into a police vehicle. Reports also state that police confiscated Ms. Mtetwa's mobile phone, which contains privileged solicitor-client information.
The Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) group, which is representing Ms. Mtetwa, received a high court order on March 18, 2013, for Ms. Mtetwa's release. Despite the fact the court had ordered Ms. Mtetwa's immediate release, she remained in police custody. On March 20, 2013, the magistrate court ruled against another bail application, remanding Ms. Mtetwa to April 3, 2013. On March 25, 2013, a high court judge finally decided to grant bail to Ms. Mtetwa under three conditions: that she post a $500 bail, that she resides at a given address and that she does not interfere with the ongoing investigations. According to reports, at 1:40 p.m. on March 25, 2013, Ms. Mtetwa was finally released from prison.
Ms. Mtetwa has represented Prime Minister Tsvangirai in the past and has accused police of using heavy handed tactics against Mugabe's opponents. She is well-known for her human rights work and has received a number of awards, including human rights awards from the European Bar Human Rights Institute and the American Bar Association. Ms. Mtetwa is a board member of the ZLHR and a former president of the Law Society of Zimbabwe.
The Law Society is deeply concerned about situations where lawyers who work for the protection and respect of human rights are themselves targeted for exercising their freedoms and rights under international law.
Letter of intervention